Oregon State Land Use Planning Goal 10 requires local jurisdictions to provide for the housing needs of citizens of the state.
Specifically this goal requires: "Buildable lands for residential use shall be inventoried and plans shall encourage the availability of adequate numbers of needed housing units at price ranges and rent levels which are commensurate with the financial capabilities of Oregon households and allow for flexibility of housing location, type and density.”
- Oregon's Land Use Planning Program - by John VanLandingham. September, 2004. Available from OALUAH
- Housing Policy - American Planning Association, Oregon Chapter (OAPA) White Paper – by Susan Hopkins and Aaron Abrams, Spring 2005 - a State-wide assessment of issues and options. Available from OALUAH
ACTIONS TO TAKE:
- Change local or state rules to allow some land into Urban Growth Boundaries if it is used for affordable housing under strict definitions and circumstances. Especially if it is under a land trust so it will be affordable in perpetuity.
Oregon land use law currently only takes into account the availability of land and fails to consider its price. This is especially a problem in resort areas such as our Oregon Coast where land values are so high and median incomes in an service based economy are so low.
In spring 2008 NeahCasa’s Tom Bender asked the Land Conservation and Development Commission (LCDC) to take a closer look at this issue. Here’s a downloadable PDF of his letter to them: LCDC3.08
- Identify land that can be rezoned to decrease pressures on the cost of land that might be used for affordable housing.
- Capture Value of Land Upzoning
An increase in value resulting from public action such as rezoning should not be a "windfall" for private parties but should go to the jurisdictions involved. Such funds could be designated for affordable housing, or portions of that land reserved for affordable housing.
Hong Kong, when building its subway system (the world's most expensive), paid for the entire cost of the system through capturing the increase in value of properties adjacent to the new subway stations.
“Lessons from the Latin American Experience with Value Capture,” Martim Smolka & Fernand Furtado, Land Lines, July 2001, Vol 13, #4. Available from: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy: 113 Brattle Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 or 617/661-3016 or 800/LAND-USE (800/526-3873) or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lincoln Institute of Land Policy is a good source in for planning issues in general with good international coverage. Land Lines Magazine subscriptions are free.